A new scientific test is put through Einstein’s Theory of Relativity

Pulsar-neutron star

Since Albert Einstein proposed the Theory of Relativity in 1916, scientists have attempted to disprove it in every possible way. They couldn’t find anything by the end of the year 2021.

Scientists from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CISRO), Australia’s main scientific body, studied data collected from seven radio telescopes over the course of 16 years (2003–2019).

Pulsars are a type of neutron star, which is the most dense object in the universe and can be formed by a supernova explosion. Magnetosphere is constantly emitted by its magnetic poles. However, because to their continual rotational motion, these emissions appear to be pulsators (thus the name).

About 2,400 light years away from Earth, two pulsars were studied, one rotating at an ultra-high rate (44 times per second), and the other “just” rotating at a rapid rate (one rotation every 2.8 seconds). Binary systems, which both travel through space at 1,000,000 kilometers per hour (km/h), complete one full lap every 1.47 minutes.

A fast orbital movement in such compact objects—they have 30 percent more mass than our Sun, but only 15 miles in diameter—allows us to test different scenario predictions from Einstein’s Theory of Relativity—seven in total.”

Moreover, all seven fire tests on the Theory of Relativity confirmed it with “unprecedented” accuracy, according to the team.

It is possible to assess the effect of “temporal dilation,” which causes clocks to run slower in gravitational fields, “with the exception of gravitational waves and light spread,” Manchester added. In order to account for the effect of electromagnetic radiation released by the fastest pulsar on orbital motion, we even need to take Einstein’s famous equation [E=MC²] into consideration.”

As a co-author of the study and a physicist at the University of East Anglia, Robert Ferdman, stated, “general relativity does not fit with the other fundamental forces in nature, represented by quantum mechanics”; this does not mean that the theory will be abandoned. In order to find out how and when this idea is disproved, we must continue our rigorous testing in the most demanding manner imaginable.”

Physicists who discover this flaw could have a profound impact on our understanding of physics, according to the expert. In the long run, this will help us better comprehend the forces that govern the cosmos.

Physical Review X is the publication where the whole study is published.

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