Petroleum continues to top import list; vehicles follow


Nepal spent Rs 257.66 billion to import 10 commodities, including petroleum, vehicles and gold, in fiscal year 2012-13.

These 10 commodities account for around 50 percent of the country’s total imports.

As usual, petroleum continued to be the No 1 import item. In 2012-13, Nepal imported petroleum products worth Rs 107 billion — up 16.1 percent. In 2011-12, petroleum import bill was at Rs 92.25 billion.

With automobile business bouncing back in the last fiscal year, import of vehicles and spare parts increased by a whopping 54.2 percent to Rs 26.29 billion.

A total of 208,483 vehicles were registered in 2012-13, the highest so far in a fiscal year, according to Department of Transport Management. Vehicle registration had last crossed the 200,000-mark in 2009-10, when 201,787 automobiles were registered.

Former president of Nepal Automobile Dealers’ Association Saurav Jyoti said the decline in bank interest rates on auto loans along with easy financing services helped boost the auto business, pushing up imports.

Amid surge in the gold price, the country imported the precious yellow metal worth Rs 26.11 billion in 2013-13, compared to Rs 25.77 billion in the previous year.

With the establishment of more steel industries, import of MS Billet, a major raw material for steel production, has been continuously surging. In 2012-13, MS Billet imports rose by 14.77 to Rs 22.30.

Imports of telecommunications equipment also posted a 59.52 percent rise amid telecom operators’ infrastructure expansion drive. Operators spent Rs 13.48 billion in the last fiscal year for the purpose.

Despite an increase in the number of pharmaceutical companies and their expanded product portfolio, import of medicines continued to grow. Nepal imported medicines worth Rs 13.71 billion last year — up 28.42 percent.

The official annual import data also throw some interesting facts. Reliance on cement imported from India hasn’t decreased despite growing number of Nepali cement factories. Cement imports surged by a whopping 185 percent in last year to reach Rs 9.42 billion.

Among food items, rice imports almost doubled to Rs 8.45 billion, while import of vegetable surged by 75.7 percent to Rs 4.54 billion. Sugar imports saw a massive

967 percent rise. Nepal imported sugar worth Rs 1 billion last year compared to Rs 99 million in the previous fiscal year.


2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
Petroleum products Rs 75.08b Rs 92.25b Rs 107.13b
Vehicles Rs 20.68b Rs 17.05b Rs 26.29b
Gold Rs11.35b Rs 25.77b Rs 26.11b
MS Billet Rs 18.33b Rs 19.43b Rs 22.30b
Machinery Parts Rs 16.20b Rs 15.35b Rs 20.14b
Telecom equipments Rs 9.49b Rs 8.45b Rs 13.48b
Medicine Rs 9.80b Rs 10.38b Rs 13.33b
Crude Soyabean Oil Rs 6.50b Rs 9.96b Rs 10.62b
Cement Rs 4.37b Rs 3.30b Rs 9.42b
Silver Rs 3.72b Rs 4.37b Rs 8.78b
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